Consumer Research Process Explained in 7 Simple Steps

Consumer Research Process Explained in 7 Simple Steps

The process of consumer research is more complex than you might think. But don’t worry. It’s not rocket science. Personally, I believe that anybody who knows their business inside out can end up doing rewarding consumer research.  


This blog will outline the exact process to make your work easier. You can add some other metrics or layers of research depending on your products. 

With that being said, let’s start this blog and understand how this research is conducted. 


Step #1 Define your objective

This initial phase is about identifying what you want to achieve through your research. Are you aiming to understand why sales of a particular product have declined? Or perhaps you want to explore new market segments for your services? By clearly defining your objectives, you set the direction for your research efforts.

Also Read: What are Consumer Insights: Meaning, Examples and Scope


Step #2 Method Selection

Once you know your objectives, you can choose the most suitable methods to gather data. Opinion polls and surveys are great for collecting quantitative data on a large scale, while interviews or focus groups provide qualitative insights. You might also consider observational studies to observe consumer behaviour in real-world settings or analyze existing data sources such as sales figures or online engagement metrics.


Step #3 Research Design

This step involves planning out the specifics of your research, including who you'll study, how you'll reach them, and what questions you'll ask. For example, if you're targeting a specific demographic, you'll need to design your surveys or select your interview participants accordingly. Creating a well-designed research plan ensures that you collect relevant and reliable data to address your objectives.


Step #4 Data Collection

With your research plan in place, it's time to collect data using your chosen methods. This could involve distributing surveys to your target audience, conducting one-on-one interviews, organizing focus group discussions, or observing consumer behaviour in-store or online. Each method offers unique insights into your target audience's preferences, attitudes, and behaviours.

Also Read: Top 10 Market Research Tools and Software


Step #5 Analysis 

Once you've gathered your data, it's time to analyze it to uncover meaningful insights. This involves organizing, interpreting, and synthesizing the data to identify patterns, trends, and correlations. Statistical analysis techniques may be used for quantitative data, while thematic analysis or coding may be employed for qualitative data. The goal is to extract actionable insights that can inform your marketing strategies and decision-making processes.


Step #6 Conclude your findings 

Based on your analysis, you can conclude your target audience's preferences, needs, and behaviours. What are the key trends and patterns that emerge from the data? What insights can you glean about your consumers' motivations, pain points, and aspirations? These conclusions serve as the foundation for informed decision-making and strategy development.


Step #7 Implementation

Finally, it's time to put your insights into action. Use the findings from your research to tailor your marketing efforts, refine your product offerings, optimize your customer experience, and inform strategic decisions across your organization. By aligning your actions with the needs and preferences of your target audience, you can enhance customer satisfaction, drive business growth, and stay ahead of the competition.


And that’s a wrap! Gathering consumer insights is no longer a mystery. You can use some free and premium tools to conduct your research. To get more such interesting blogs on your feed, subscribe to the Humann newsletter and learn all about consumer insights. 

Also Read: The Future of Market Research: AI & Advanced Analytics